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Probabilistic approach to limited-data computed tomography reconstruction

by   Zenith Purisha, et al.

We consider the problem of reconstructing the internal structure of an object from limited x-ray projections. In this work, we use a Gaussian process to model the target function. In contrast to other established methods, this comes with the advantage of not requiring any manual parameter tuning, which usually arises in classical regularization strategies. The Gaussian process is well-known in a heavy computation for the inversion of a covariance matrix, and in this work, by employing an approximative spectral-based technique, we reduce the computational complexity and avoid the need of numerical integration. Results from simulated and real data indicate that this approach is less sensitive to streak artifacts as compared to the commonly used method of filteredback projection, an analytic reconstruction algorithm using Radon inversion formula.


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