Predictive Factors of Kinematics in Traumatic Brain Injury from Head Impacts Based on Statistical Interpretation

by   Xianghao Zhan, et al.

Brain tissue deformation resulting from head impacts is primarily caused by rotation and can lead to traumatic brain injury. To quantify brain injury risk based on measurements of accelerational forces to the head, various brain injury criteria based on different factors of these kinematics have been developed. To better design brain injury criteria, the predictive power of rotational kinematics factors, which are different in 1) the derivative order, 2) the direction and 3) the power of the angular velocity, were analyzed based on different datasets including laboratory impacts, American football, mixed martial arts (MMA), NHTSA automobile crashworthiness tests and NASCAR crash events. Ordinary least squares regressions were built from kinematics factors to the 95 correlation coefficients, structure coefficients, commonality analysis, and dominance analysis. The angular acceleration, the magnitude and the first power factors showed the highest predictive power for the laboratory impacts, American football impacts, with few exceptions (angular velocity for MMA and NASCAR impacts). The predictive power of kinematics in three directions (x: posterior-to-anterior, y: left-to-right, z: superior-to-inferior) of kinematics varied with different sports and types of head impacts.



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