Predicting the flow field in a U-bend with deep neural networks

10/01/2020 ∙ by Gergely Hajgató, et al. ∙ 0

This paper describes a study based on computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and deep neural networks that focusing on predicting the flow field in differently distorted U-shaped pipes. The main motivation of this work was to get an insight about the justification of the deep learning paradigm in hydrodynamic hull optimisation processes that heavily depend on computing turbulent flow fields and that could be accelerated with models like the one presented. The speed-up can be even several orders of magnitude by surrogating the CFD model with a deep convolutional neural network. An automated geometry creation and evaluation process was set up to generate differently shaped two-dimensional U-bends and to carry out CFD simulation on them. This process resulted in a database with different geometries and the corresponding flow fields (2-dimensional velocity distribution), both represented on 128x128 equidistant grids. This database was used to train an encoder-decoder style deep convolutional neural network to predict the velocity distribution from the geometry. The effect of two different representations of the geometry (binary image and signed distance function) on the predictions was examined, both models gave acceptable predictions with a speed-up of two orders of magnitude.

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