Precision Spectroscopy of Fast, Hot Exotic Isotopes Using Machine Learning Assisted Event-by-Event Doppler Correction

by   Silviu-Marian Udrescu, et al.

We propose an experimental scheme for performing sensitive, high-precision laser spectroscopy studies on fast exotic isotopes. By inducing a step-wise resonant ionization of the atoms travelling inside an electric field and subsequently detecting the ion and the corresponding electron, time- and position-sensitive measurements of the resulting particles can be performed. Using a Mixture Density Network (MDN), we can leverage this information to predict the initial energy of individual atoms and thus apply a Doppler correction of the observed transition frequencies on an event-by-event basis. We conduct numerical simulations of the proposed experimental scheme and show that kHz-level uncertainties can be achieved for ion beams produced at extreme temperatures (> 10^8 K), with energy spreads as large as 10 keV and non-uniform velocity distributions. The ability to perform in-flight spectroscopy, directly on highly energetic beams, offers unique opportunities to studying short-lived isotopes with lifetimes in the millisecond range and below, produced in low quantities, in hot and highly contaminated environments, without the need for cooling techniques. Such species are of marked interest for nuclear structure, astrophysics, and new physics searches.


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