Post-war Civil War Propaganda Techniques and Media Spins in Nigeria and Journalism Practice

by   Bolu John Folayan, et al.

In public relations and political communication, a spin is a form of propaganda achieved through knowingly presenting a biased interpretation of an event or issues. It is also the act of presenting narratives to influence public opinion about events, people or and ideas. In war time, various forms of spins are employed by antagonists to push their brigades to victory and wear out the opponents. During the Nigerian civil war, quite a number of these spins were dominant for example GOWON (Go On With One Nigeria); On Aburi We Stand, O Le Ku Ija Ore. Post-war years presented different spins and fifty years after the war, different spins continue to push emerging narratives (e.g. marginalization, restructuring. This paper investigates and analyzes the different propaganda techniques and spins in the narratives of the Nigerian civil in the past five years through a content analysis of three national newspapers: The Nigerian Tribune, Daily Trust and Sun Newspapers. Findings confirm that propaganda and spins are not limited to war time, but are actively deployed in peace time. This development places additional challenge on journalists to uphold the canons of balance, truth and fairness in reporting sensitive national issues.


Beyond Trolling: Malware-Induced Misperception Attacks on Polarized Facebook Discourse

Social media trolling is a powerful tactic to manipulate public opinion ...

Volatility in the Issue Attention Economy

Recent election surprises and regime changes have left the impression th...

Public vs Media Opinion on Robots

Fast proliferation of robots in people's everyday lives during recent ye...

Who Let The Trolls Out? Towards Understanding State-Sponsored Trolls

Over the past few years, extensive anecdotal evidence emerged that sugge...

Digital Divides and Online Media

Digital divide has been a common concern during the past two or three de...

Modelling the dynamics of cross-border ideological competition

Individuals are increasingly exposed to news and opinion from beyond nat...