DeepAI AI Chat
Log In Sign Up

Planning UAV Activities for Efficient User Coverage in Disaster Areas

by   Francesco Malandrino, et al.

Climate changes brought about by global warming as well as man-made environmental changes are often the cause of sever natural disasters. ICT, which is itself responsible for global warming due to its high carbon footprint, can play a role in alleviating the consequences of such hazards by providing reliable, resilient means of communication during a disaster crisis. In this paper, we explore the provision of wireless coverage through UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles) to complement, or replace, the traditional communication infrastructure. The use of UAVs is indeed crucial in emergency scenarios, as they allow for the quick and easy deployment of micro and pico cellular base stations where needed. We characterize the movements of UAVs and define an optimization problem to determine the best UAV coverage that maximizes the user throughput, while maintaining fairness across the different parts of the geographical area that has been affected by the disaster. To evaluate our strategy, we simulate a flooding in San Francisco and the car traffic resulting from people seeking safety on higher ground.


page 8

page 11


Cellular Connectivity for UAVs: Network Modeling, Performance Analysis and Design Guidelines

The growing use of aerial user equipments (UEs) in various applications ...

A Stochastic Geometry Model of Backhaul and User Coverage in Urban UAV Networks

Wireless access points on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are being cons...

On-Demand Deployment of Multiple Aerial Base Stations for Traffic Offloading and Network Recovery

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) are being utilized for a wide spectrum o...

Impact of UAV Antenna Configuration on Wireless Connectivity in Urban Environments

The growing presence of UAVs has led operators to explore the issue of h...

A Tractable Framework for Coverage Analysis of Cellular-Connected UAV Networks

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) have recently found abundant application...

Predictive Deployment of UAV Base Stations in Wireless Networks: Machine Learning Meets Contract Theory

In this paper, a novel framework that enables a predictive deployment of...

Proactive Distributed Constraint Optimization of Heterogeneous Incident Vehicle Teams

Traditionally, traffic incident management (TIM) programs coordinate the...