PIGNet: A physics-informed deep learning model toward generalized drug-target interaction predictions

08/22/2020 ∙ by Seokhyun Moon, et al. ∙ 0

Recently, deep neural network (DNN)-based drug-target interaction (DTI) models are highlighted for their high accuracy with affordable computational costs. Yet, the models' insufficient generalization remains a challenging problem in the practice of in-silico drug discovery. We propose two key strategies to enhance generalization in the DTI model. The first one is to integrate physical models into DNN models. Our model, PIGNet, predicts the atom-atom pairwise interactions via physics-informed equations parameterized with neural networks and provides the total binding affinity of a protein-ligand complex as their sum. We further improved the model generalization by augmenting a wider range of binding poses and ligands to training data. PIGNet achieved a significant improvement in docking success rate, screening enhancement factor, and screening success rate by up to 2.01, 10.78, 14.0 times, respectively, compared to the previous DNN models. The physics-informed model also enables the interpretation of predicted binding affinities by visualizing the energy contribution of ligand substructures, providing insights for ligand optimization. Finally, we devised the uncertainty estimator of our model's prediction to qualify the outcomes and reduce the false positive rates.

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