Physics-Informed Multi-LSTM Networks for Metamodeling of Nonlinear Structures

by   Ruiyang Zhang, et al.
Northeastern University

This paper introduces an innovative physics-informed deep learning framework for metamodeling of nonlinear structural systems with scarce data. The basic concept is to incorporate physics knowledge (e.g., laws of physics, scientific principles) into deep long short-term memory (LSTM) networks, which boosts the learning within a feasible solution space. The physics constraints are embedded in the loss function to enforce the model training which can accurately capture latent system nonlinearity even with very limited available training datasets. Specifically for dynamic structures, physical laws of equation of motion, state dependency and hysteretic constitutive relationship are considered to construct the physics loss. In particular, two physics-informed multi-LSTM network architectures are proposed for structural metamodeling. The satisfactory performance of the proposed framework is successfully demonstrated through two illustrative examples (e.g., nonlinear structures subjected to ground motion excitation). It turns out that the embedded physics can alleviate overfitting issues, reduce the need of big training datasets, and improve the robustness of the trained model for more reliable prediction. As a result, the physics-informed deep learning paradigm outperforms classical non-physics-guided data-driven neural networks.


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