Person Identification using Seismic Signals generated from Footfalls

09/24/2018
by   Bodhibrata Mukhopadhyay, et al.
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Footfall based biometric system is perhaps the only person identification technique which does not hinder the natural movement of an individual. This is a clear edge over all other biometric systems which require a formidable amount of human intervention and encroach upon an individual's privacy to some extent or the other. This paper presents a Fog computing architecture for implementing footfall based biometric system using widespread geographically distributed geophones (vibration sensor). Results were stored in an Internet of Things (IoT) cloud. We have tested our biometric system on an indigenous database (created by us) containing 46000 footfall events from 8 individuals and achieved an accuracy of 73 sample. We also proposed a basis pursuit based data compression technique DS8BP for wireless transmission of footfall events to the Fog. DS8BP compresses the original footfall events (sampled at 8 kHz) by a factor of 108 and also acts as a smoothing filter. These experimental results depict the high viability of our technique in the realm of person identification and access control systems.

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