Performance Optimizations of Recursive Electronic Structure Solvers targeting Multi-Core Architectures (LA-UR-20-26665)

02/17/2021
by   Adetokunbo A. Adedoyin, et al.
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As we rapidly approach the frontiers of ultra large computing resources, software optimization is becoming of paramount interest to scientific application developers interested in efficiently leveraging all available on-Node computing capabilities and thereby improving a requisite science per watt metric. The scientific application of interest here is the Basic Math Library (BML) that provides a singular interface for linear algebra operation frequently used in the Quantum Molecular Dynamics (QMD) community. The provisioning of a singular interface indicates the presence of an abstraction layer which in-turn suggests commonalities in the code-base and therefore any optimization or tuning introduced in the core of code-base has the ability to positively affect the performance of the aforementioned library as a whole. With that in mind, we proceed with this investigation by performing a survey of the entirety of the BML code-base, and extract, in form of micro-kernels, common snippets of code. We introduce several optimization strategies into these micro-kernels including 1.) Strength Reduction 2.) Memory Alignment for large arrays 3.) Non Uniform Memory Access (NUMA) aware allocations to enforce data locality and 4.) appropriate thread affinity and bindings to enhance the overall multi-threaded performance. After introducing these optimizations, we benchmark the micro-kernels and compare the run-time before and after optimization for several target architectures. Finally we use the results as a guide to propagating the optimization strategies into the BML code-base. As a demonstration, herein, we test the efficacy of these optimization strategies by comparing the benchmark and optimized versions of the code.

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