Performance Analysis of Discrete-Phase-Shifter IRS-aided Amplify-and-Forward Relay Network

by   Rongen Dong, et al.

As a new technology to reconfigure wireless communication environment by signal reflection controlled by software, intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) has attracted lots of attention in recent years. Compared with conventional relay system, the relay system aided by IRS can effectively reduce the cost and energy consumption, and significantly enhance the system performance. However, the phase quantization error generated by IRS with discrete phase shifter may degrade the receiving performance of the receiver. To analyze the performance loss caused by IRS phase quantization error, based on the law of large numbers and Rayleigh distribution, the closed-form expressions for the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) performance loss and achievable rate of the IRS-aided amplify-and-forward (AF) relay network, which are related to the number of phase shifter quantization bits, are derived under the line-of-sight (LoS) channels and Rayleigh channels, respectively. Moreover, their approximate performance loss closed-form expressions are also derived based on the Taylor series expansion. Simulation results show that the performance losses of SNR and achievable rate decrease with the number of quantization bits increases gradually. When the number of quantization bits is larger than or equal to 3, the SNR performance loss of the system is smaller than 0.23dB, and the achievable rate loss is less than 0.04bits/s/Hz, regardless of the LoS channels or Rayleigh channels.


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