PathEnum: Towards Real-Time Hop-Constrained s-t Path Enumeration

03/20/2021 ∙ by Shixuan Sun, et al. ∙ 0

We study the hop-constrained s-t path enumeration (HcPE) problem, which takes a graph G, two distinct vertices s,t and a hop constraint k as input, and outputs all paths from s to t whose length is at most k. The state-of-the-art algorithms suffer from severe performance issues caused by the costly pruning operations during enumeration for the workloads with the large search space. Consequently, these algorithms hardly meet the real-time constraints of many online applications. In this paper, we propose PathEnum, an efficient index-based algorithm towards real-time HcPE. For an input query, PathEnum first builds a light-weight index aiming to reduce the number of edges involved in the enumeration, and develops efficient index-based approaches for enumeration, one based on depth-first search and the other based on joins. We further develop a query optimizer based on a join-based cost model to optimize the search order. We conduct experiments with 15 real-world graphs. Our experiment results show that PathEnum outperforms the state-of-the-art approaches by orders of magnitude in terms of the query time, throughput and response time.

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