Parabolic interface reconstruction for 2D volume of fluid methods

by   Ronald A. Remmerswaal, et al.

For capillary driven flow the interface curvature is essential in the modelling of surface tension via the imposition of the Young-Laplace jump condition. We show that traditional geometric volume of fluid (VoF) methods, that are based on a piecewise linear approximation of the interface, do not lead to an interface curvature which is convergent under mesh refinement in time-dependent problems. Instead, we propose to use a piecewise parabolic approximation of the interface, resulting in a class of piecewise parabolic interface calculation (PPIC) methods. In particular, we introduce the parabolic LVIRA and MoF methods, PLVIRA and PMoF, respectively. We show that a Lagrangian remapping method is sufficiently accurate for the advection of such a parabolic interface. It is numerically demonstrated that the newly proposed PPIC methods result in an increase of reconstruction accuracy by one order, convergence of the interface curvature in time-dependent advection problems and Weber number independent convergence of a droplet translation problem, where the advection method is coupled to a two-phase Navier–Stokes solver.


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