Pan-Private Uniformity Testing

11/04/2019 ∙ by Kareem Amin, et al. ∙ 0

A centrally differentially private algorithm maps raw data to differentially private outputs. In contrast, a locally differentially private algorithm may only access data through public interaction with data holders, and this interaction must be a differentially private function of the data. We study the intermediate model of pan-privacy. Unlike a locally private algorithm, a pan-private algorithm receives data in the clear. Unlike a centrally private algorithm, the algorithm receives data one element at a time and must maintain a differentially private internal state while processing this stream. First, we show that pan-privacy against multiple intrusions on the internal state is equivalent to sequentially interactive local privacy. Next, we contextualize pan-privacy against a single intrusion by analyzing the sample complexity of uniformity testing over domain [k]. Focusing on the dependence on k, centrally private uniformity testing has sample complexity Θ(√(k)), while noninteractive locally private uniformity testing has sample complexity Θ(k). We show that the sample complexity of pan-private uniformity testing is Θ(k^2/3). By a new Ω(k) lower bound for the sequentially interactive setting, we also separate pan-private from sequentially interactive locally private and multi-intrusion pan-private uniformity testing.

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