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PairRE: Knowledge Graph Embeddings via Paired Relation Vectors

by   Linlin Chao, et al.

Distance based knowledge graph embedding methods show promising results on link prediction task, on which two topics have been widely studied: one is the ability to handle complex relations, such as N-to-1, 1-to-N and N-to-N, the other is to encode various relation patterns, such as symmetry/antisymmetry. However, the existing methods fail to solve these two problems at the same time, which leads to unsatisfactory results. To mitigate this problem, we propose PairRE, a model with improved expressiveness and low computational requirement. PairRE represents each relation with paired vectors, where these paired vectors project connected two entities to relation specific locations. Beyond its ability to solve the aforementioned two problems, PairRE is advantageous to represent subrelation as it can capture both the similarities and differences of subrelations effectively. Given simple constraints on relation representations, PairRE can be the first model that is capable of encoding symmetry/antisymmetry, inverse, composition and subrelation relations. Experiments on link prediction benchmarks show PairRE can achieve either state-of-the-art or highly competitive performances. In addition, PairRE has shown encouraging results for encoding subrelation.


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