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Packing Trees into 1-planar Graphs

11/05/2019
by   Felice De Luca, et al.
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We introduce and study the 1-planar packing problem: Given k graphs with n vertices G_1, ..., G_k, find a 1-planar graph that contains the given graphs as edge-disjoint spanning subgraphs. We mainly focus on the case when each G_i is a tree and k=3. We prove that a triple consisting of three caterpillars or of two caterpillars and a path may not admit a 1-planar packing, while two paths and a special type of caterpillar always have one. We then study 1-planar packings with few crossings and prove that three paths (resp. cycles) admit a 1-planar packing with at most seven (resp. fourteen) crossings. We finally show that a quadruple consisting of three paths and a perfect matching with n ≥ 12 vertices admits a 1-planar packing, while such a packing does not exist if n ≤ 10.

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