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P2ExNet: Patch-based Prototype Explanation Network

by   Dominique Mercier, et al.
Technische Universität Kaiserslautern

Deep learning methods have shown great success in several domains as they process a large amount of data efficiently, capable of solving complex classification, forecast, segmentation, and other tasks. However, they come with the inherent drawback of inexplicability limiting their applicability and trustworthiness. Although there exists work addressing this perspective, most of the existing approaches are limited to the image modality due to the intuitive and prominent concepts. Conversely, the concepts in the time-series domain are more complex and non-comprehensive but these and an explanation for the network decision are pivotal in critical domains like medical, financial, or industry. Addressing the need for an explainable approach, we propose a novel interpretable network scheme, designed to inherently use an explainable reasoning process inspired by the human cognition without the need of additional post-hoc explainability methods. Therefore, class-specific patches are used as they cover local concepts relevant to the classification to reveal similarities with samples of the same class. In addition, we introduce a novel loss concerning interpretability and accuracy that constraints P2ExNet to provide viable explanations of the data including relevant patches, their position, class similarities, and comparison methods without compromising accuracy. Analysis of the results on eight publicly available time-series datasets reveals that P2ExNet reaches comparable performance when compared to its counterparts while inherently providing understandable and traceable decisions.


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