OWC-enabled Spine and Leaf Architecture Towards Energy Efficient Data Center Networks

by   Abrar S. Alhazmi, et al.

Due to the emergence of new paradigms and services such as 5G/6G, IoT, and more, current deployed wired Data Center Networks (DCNs) are not meeting the required performance metrics due to their limited reconfigurability, scalability, and throughput. To that end, wireless DCNs using technologies such as Optical Wireless Communication (OWC) have become viable and costeffective solutions as they offer higher capacity, better energy efficiency, and better scalability. This paper proposes an OWC-based spine and leaf DCNs where the leaf switches are enabled with OWC transceivers, and the spine switches are replaced by Access Points (APs) in the ceiling connected to a backbone network. The APs are interconnected through a Passive Optical Network (PON) that also connects the architecture with upper network layers. An Infrared (IR) OWC system that employs Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) is proposed to enhance the DCN downlink communication. The simulation (i.e., channel modeling) results show that our proposed data center links achieve good data rates in the data center up to 15 Gbps. For the PON, Arrayed Waveguide Grating Routers (AWGRs) that enable WDM are proposed to connect the APs. We evaluate the performance of the considered architecture in term of its power efficiency compared to traditional spine and leaf data centers. The results show that the OWC-enabled DCN reduces the power consumption by 42 the spine and leaf architecture.


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