Outlier detection in multivariate functional data through a contaminated mixture model

06/14/2021 ∙ by Martial Amovin-Assagba, et al. ∙ 0

This work is motivated by an application in an industrial context, where the activity of sensors is recorded at a high frequency. The objective is to automatically detect abnormal measurement behaviour. Considering the sensor measures as functional data, we are formally interested in detecting outliers in a multivariate functional data set. Due to the heterogeneity of this data set, the proposed contaminated mixture model both clusters the multivariate functional data into homogeneous groups and detects outliers. The main advantage of this procedure over its competitors is that it does not require us to specify the proportion of outliers. Model inference is performed through an Expectation-Conditional Maximization algorithm, and the BIC criterion is used to select the number of clusters. Numerical experiments on simulated data demonstrate the high performance achieved by the inference algorithm. In particular, the proposed model outperforms competitors. Its application on the real data which motivated this study allows us to correctly detect abnormal behaviours.

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