Optimized Passive Optical Networks with Cascaded-AWGRs for Data Centers

by   Mohammed Alharthi, et al.

The use of Passive Optical Networks (PONs) in modern and future data centers can provide energy efficiency, high capacity, low cost, scalability, and elasticity. This paper introduces a passive optical network design with 2-tier cascaded Arrayed Waveguide Grating Routers (AWGRs) to connect groups of racks (i.e. cells) within a data center. This design employs a Software-Defined Networking (SDN) controller to manage the routing and assignment of the networking resource while introducing multiple paths between any two cells to improve routing, load balancing and resilience. We provide benchmarking results for the power consumption to compare the energy efficiency of this design to state-of-the-art data centers. The results indicate that the cascaded AWGRs architecture can achieve up to 43 compared to Fat-Tree data center architecture.



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