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Optimising Energy Efficiency in UAV-Assisted Networks using Deep Reinforcement Learning

by   Babatunji Omoniwa, et al.

In this letter, we study the energy efficiency (EE) optimisation of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) providing wireless coverage to static and mobile ground users. Recent multi-agent reinforcement learning approaches optimise the system's EE using a 2D trajectory design, neglecting interference from nearby UAV cells. We aim to maximise the system's EE by jointly optimising each UAV's 3D trajectory, number of connected users, and the energy consumed, while accounting for interference. Thus, we propose a cooperative Multi-Agent Decentralised Double Deep Q-Network (MAD-DDQN) approach. Our approach outperforms existing baselines in terms of EE by as much as 55 – 80


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