Optimal Scheduling for Maximizing Information Freshness System Performance in Industrial Cyber-Physical Systems

by   Devarpita Sinha, et al.

Age of Information is a newly introduced metric, getting vivid attention for measuring the freshness of information in real-time networks. This parameter has evolved to guarantee the reception of timely information from the latest status update, received by a user from any real-time application. In this paper, we study a centralized, closed-loop, networked controlled industrial wireless sensor-actuator network for cyber-physical production systems. Here, we jointly address the problem of transmission scheduling of sensor updates and the restoration of an information flow-line after any real-time update having hard-deadline drops from it, resulting a break in the loop. Unlike existing real-time scheduling policies that only ensure timely updates, this work aims to accomplish both the time-sensitivity and data freshness in new and regenerative real-time updates in terms of the age of information. Here, the coexistence of both cyber and physical units and their individual requirements for providing the quality of service to the system, as a whole, seems to be one of the major challenges to handle. In this work, minimization of staleness of the time-critical updates to extract maximum utilization out of its information content and its effects on other network performances are thoroughly investigated. A greedy scheduling policy called Deadline-aware highest latency first has been used to solve this problem; its performance optimality is proved analytically. Finally, our claim is validated by comparing the results obtained by our algorithm with those of other popular scheduling policies through extensive simulations.


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