Optimal Causal Rate-Constrained Sampling for a Class of Continuous Markov Processes

02/04/2020 ∙ by Nian Guo, et al. ∙ 0

Consider the following communication scenario. An encoder observes a stochastic process and causally decides when and what to transmit about it, under a constraint on bits transmitted per second. A decoder uses the received codewords to causally estimate the process in real time. We aim to find the optimal encoding and decoding policies that minimize the end-to-end estimation mean-square error under the rate constraint. For a class of continuous Markov processes satisfying regularity conditions, we show that the optimal encoding policy transmits a 1-bit codeword once the process innovation passes one of two thresholds. The optimal decoder noiselessly recovers the last sample from the 1-bit codewords and codeword-generating time stamps, and uses it as the running estimate of the current process, until the next codeword arrives. In particular, we show the optimal causal code for the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process and calculate its distortion-rate function.

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