On the Effect of Learned Clauses on Stochastic Local Search

05/07/2020 ∙ by Jan-Hendrik Lorenz, et al. ∙ 0

There are two competing paradigms in successful SAT solvers: Conflict-driven clause learning (CDCL) and stochastic local search (SLS). CDCL uses systematic exploration of the search space and has the ability to learn new clauses. SLS examines the neighborhood of the current complete assignment. Unlike CDCL, it lacks the ability to learn from its mistakes. This work revolves around the question whether it is beneficial for SLS to add new clauses to the original formula. We experimentally demonstrate that clauses with a large number of correct literals w. r. t. a fixed solution are beneficial to the runtime of SLS. We call such clauses high-quality clauses. Empirical evaluations show that short clauses learned by CDCL possess the high-quality attribute. We study several domains of randomly generated instances and deduce the most beneficial strategies to add high-quality clauses as a preprocessing step. The strategies are implemented in an SLS solver, and it is shown that this considerably improves the state-of-the-art on randomly generated instances. The results are statistically significant.

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