On the convergence of discrete-time linear systems: A linear time-varying Mann iteration converges iff the operator is strictly pseudocontractive

by   Giuseppe Belgioioso, et al.
University of Pisa
Universita Degli Studi Di Udine
TU Eindhoven
Delft University of Technology

We adopt an operator-theoretic perspective to study convergence of linear fixed-point iterations and discrete- time linear systems. We mainly focus on the so-called Krasnoselskij-Mann iteration x(k+1) = ( 1 - α(k) ) x(k) + α(k) A x(k), which is relevant for distributed computation in optimization and game theory, when A is not available in a centralized way. We show that convergence to a vector in the kernel of (I-A) is equivalent to strict pseudocontractiveness of the linear operator x -> Ax. We also characterize some relevant operator-theoretic properties of linear operators via eigenvalue location and linear matrix inequalities. We apply the convergence conditions to multi-agent linear systems with vanishing step sizes, in particular, to linear consensus dynamics and equilibrium seeking in monotone linear-quadratic games.


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