On sequentiality and well-bracketing in the π-calculus

04/22/2021
by   Daniel Hirschkoff, et al.
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The π -calculus is used as a model for programminglanguages. Its contexts exhibit arbitrary concurrency, makingthem very discriminating. This may prevent validating desir-able behavioural equivalences in cases when more disciplinedcontexts are expected.In this paper we focus on two such common disciplines:sequentiality, meaning that at any time there is a single threadof computation, and well-bracketing, meaning that calls toexternal services obey a stack-like discipline. We formalise thedisciplines by means of type systems. The main focus of thepaper is on studying the consequence of the disciplines onbehavioural equivalence. We define and study labelled bisim-ilarities for sequentiality and well-bracketing. These relationsare coarser than ordinary bisimilarity. We prove that they aresound for the respective (contextual) barbed equivalence, andalso complete under a certain technical condition.We show the usefulness of our techniques on a number ofexamples, that have mainly to do with the representation offunctions and store.

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