# On Rudimentarity, Primitive Recursivity and Representability

It is quite well-known from Kurt Gödel's (1931) ground-breaking result on the Incompleteness Theorem that rudimentary relations (i.e., those definable by bounded formulae) are primitive recursive, and that primitive recursive functions are representable in sufficiently strong arithmetical theories. It is also known, though perhaps not as well-known as the former one, that some primitive recursive relations (and functions) are not rudimentary. We present a simple and elementary proof of this fact in the first part of this paper. In the second part, we review some possible notions of representability of functions studied in the literature, and give a new proof of the equivalence of the weak representability with the (strong) representability of functions in sufficiently strong arithmetical theories. Our results shed some new light on the notions of rudimentary, primitive recursive, and representable functions and relations, and clarify, hopefully, some misunderstandings and confusing errors in the literature.

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