On Rational Krylov and Reduced Basis Methods for Fractional Diffusion

02/26/2021 ∙ by Tobias Danczul, et al. ∙ 0

We establish an equivalence between two classes of methods for solving fractional diffusion problems, namely, Reduced Basis Methods (RBM) and Rational Krylov Methods (RKM). In particular, we demonstrate that several recently proposed RBMs for fractional diffusion can be interpreted as RKMs. This changed point of view allows us to give convergence proofs for some methods where none were previously available. We also propose a new RKM for fractional diffusion problems with poles chosen using the best rational approximation of the function x^-s in the spectral interval of the spatial discretization matrix. We prove convergence rates for this method and demonstrate numerically that it is competitive with or superior to many methods from the reduced basis, rational Krylov, and direct rational approximation classes. We provide numerical tests for some elliptic fractional diffusion model problems.

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