On randomized generation of slowly synchronizing automata

by   Costanza Catalano, et al.

Motivated by the randomized generation of slowly synchronizing automata, we study automata made of permutation letters and a merging letter of rank n- 1 . We present a constructive randomized procedure to generate minimal synchronizing automata of that kind with (potentially) large alphabet size based on recent results on primitive sets of matrices. We report numerical results showing that our algorithm finds automata with much larger reset threshold than a mere uniform random generation and we present new families of automata with reset threshold of Ω(n^2/4) . We finally report theoretical results on randomized generation of primitive sets of matrices: a set of permutation matrices with a 0 entry changed into a 1 is primitive and has exponent of O(n n) with high probability in case of uniform random distribution and the same holds for a random set of binary matrices where each entry is set, independently, equal to 1 with probability p and equal to 0 with probability 1-p , when np- n→∞ as n→∞ .



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