On Optimal Power Control for Energy Harvesting Communications with Lookahead

03/25/2021
by   Ali Zibaeenejad, et al.
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Consider the problem of power control for an energy harvesting communication system, where the transmitter is equipped with a finite-sized rechargeable battery and is able to look ahead to observe a fixed number of future energy arrivals. An implicit characterization of the maximum average throughput over an additive white Gaussian noise channel and the associated optimal power control policy is provided via the Bellman equation under the assumption that the energy arrival process is stationary and memoryless. A more explicit characterization is obtained for the case of Bernoulli energy arrivals by means of asymptotically tight upper and lower bounds on both the maximum average throughput and the optimal power control policy. Apart from their pivotal role in deriving the desired analytical results, such bounds are highly valuable from a numerical perspective as they can be efficiently computed using convex optimization solvers.

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