On Metrics to Assess the Transferability of Machine Learning Models in Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring

12/12/2019 ∙ by Christoph Klemenjak, et al. ∙ 0

To assess the performance of load disaggregation algorithms it is common practise to train a candidate algorithm on data from one or multiple households and subsequently apply cross-validation by evaluating the classification and energy estimation performance on unseen portions of the dataset derived from the same households. With an emerging discussion of transferability in Non-Intrusive Load Monitoring (NILM), there is a need for domain-specific metrics to assess the performance of NILM algorithms on new test scenarios being unseen buildings. In this paper, we discuss several metrics to assess the generalisation ability of NILM algorithms. These metrics target different aspects of performance evaluation in NILM and are meant to complement the traditional performance evaluation approach. We demonstrate how our metrics can be utilised to evaluate NILM algorithms by means of two case studies. We conduct our studies on several energy consumption datasets and take into consideration five state-of-the-art as well as four baseline NILM solutions. Finally, we formulate research challenges for future work.

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