On Information Processing Limitations In Humans and Machines

12/07/2021
by   Birgitta Dresp-Langley, et al.
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Information theory is concerned with the study of transmission, processing, extraction, and utilization of information. In its most abstract form, information is conceived as a means of resolving uncertainty. Shannon and Weaver (1949) were among the first to develop a conceptual framework for information theory. One of the key assumptions of the model is that uncertainty increases linearly with the amount of complexity (in bit units) of information transmitted or generated. A whole body of data from the cognitive neurosciences has shown since that the time of human response or action increases in a similar fashion as a function of information complexity. This paper will discuss some of the implications of what is known about the limitations of human information processing for the development of reliable Artificial Intelligence. It is concluded that novel conceptual frameworks are needed to inspire future studies on this complex problem space.

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