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On Graph Matching Using Generalized Seed Side-Information

02/11/2021
by   Mahshad Shariatnasab, et al.
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In this paper, matching pairs of stocahstically generated graphs in the presence of generalized seed side-information is considered. The graph matching problem emerges naturally in various applications such as social network de-anonymization, image processing, DNA sequencing, and natural language processing. A pair of randomly generated labeled Erdos-Renyi graphs with pairwise correlated edges are considered. It is assumed that the matching strategy has access to the labeling of the vertices in the first graph, as well as a collection of shortlists – called ambiguity sets – of possible labels for the vertices of the second graph. The objective is to leverage the correlation among the edges of the graphs along with the side-information provided in the form of ambiguity sets to recover the labels of the vertices in the second graph. This scenario can be viewed as a generalization of the seeded graph matching problem, where the ambiguity sets take a specific form such that the exact labels for a subset of vertices in the second graph are known prior to matching. A matching strategy is proposed which operates by evaluating the joint typicality of the adjacency matrices of the graphs. Sufficient conditions on the edge statistics as well as ambiguity set statistics are derived under which the proposed matching strategy successfully recovers the labels of the vertices in the second graph. Additionally, Fano-type arguments are used to derive general necessary conditions for successful matching.

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