On CSI-free Multi-Antenna Schemes for Massive RF Wireless Energy Transfer

02/06/2020 ∙ by Onel L. A. López, et al. ∙ 0

Wireless Energy Transfer (WET) is emerging as a potential green enabler for massive Internet of Things (IoT). Herein, we analyze Channel State Information (CSI)-free multi-antenna strategies for powering wirelessly a large set of single-antenna IoT devices. The CSI-free schemes are AA-SS (AA-IS), where all antennas transmit the same (independent) signal(s), and SA, where just one antenna transmits at a time such that all antennas are utilized during the coherence block. We characterize the distribution of the provided energy under correlated Rician fading for each scheme and find out that while AA-IS and SA cannot take advantage of the multiple antennas to improve the average provided energy, its dispersion can be significantly reduced. Meanwhile, AA-SS provides the greatest average energy, but also the greatest energy dispersion, and the gains depend critically on the mean phase shifts between the antenna elements. We find that consecutive antennas must be π phase-shifted for optimum average energy performance under AA-SS. Our numerical results evidenced that correlation is beneficial under AA-SS, while a greater line of sight (LOS) and/or number of antennas is not always beneficial under such scheme. Meanwhile, both AA-IS and SA schemes benefit from small correlation, large LOS and/or large number of antennas.

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