On Computationally-Scalable Spatio-Temporal Regression Clustering of Precipitation Threshold Excesses

by   Olga Kaiser, et al.

Focusing on regression based analysis of extremes in a presence of systematically missing covariates, this work presents a data-driven spatio-temporal regression based clustering of threshold excesses. It is shown that in a presence of systematically missing covariates the behavior of threshold excesses becomes nonstationary and nonhomogenous. The presented approach describes this complex behavior by a set of local stationary Generalized Pareto Distribution (GPD) models, where the parameters are expressed as regression models, and a latent spatio-temporal switching process. The spatio-temporal switching process is resolved by the nonparametric Finite Element Methodology for time series analysis with Bounded Variation of the model parameters (FEM-BV). The presented FEM-BV-GPD approach goes beyond strong a priori assumptions made in standard latent class models like Mixture Models and Hidden Markov Models. In addition, it provides a pragmatic description of the underlying dependency structure. The performance of the framework is demonstrated on historical precipitation data for Switzerland and compared with the results obtained by the standard methods on the same data.



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