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On an interior-exterior nonoverlapping domain decomposition method for the Poisson–Boltzmann equation

04/17/2022
by   Xuanyu Liu, et al.
Southern University of Science & Technology
Xi'an Jiaotong-Liverpool University
Beijing Normal University
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A nonoverlapping domain decomposition method is studied for the linearized Poisson–Boltzmann equation, which is essentially an interior-exterior transmission problem with bounded interior and unbounded exterior. This problem is different from the classical Schwarz alternating method for bounded nonoverlapping subdomains well studied by Lions in 1990, and is challenging due to the existence of unbounded subdomain. To obtain the convergence, a new concept of interior-exterior Sobolev constant is introduced and a spectral equivalence of related Dirichlet-to-Neumann operators is established afterwards. We prove rigorously that the spectral equivalence results in the convergence of interior-exterior iteration. Some numerical simulations are provided to investigate the optimal stepping parameter of iteration and to verify our convergence analysis.

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