Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics in Measuring Carbon Footprints: Disentangling Structure and Artifact in Input-Output Accounting

by   Samuel P. Loomis, et al.

Multiregional input-output (MRIO) tables, in conjunction with Leontief analysis, are widely-used to assess the geographical distribution of carbon emissions and the economic activities that cause them. We examine Leontief analysis as a model, demonstrating commonalities with modern approaches in information theory and nonequilibrium statistical mechanics. Paralleling the physical concept of thermo-majorization, we define the concept of eco-majorization and show it is a sufficient condition to determine the directionality of embodied impact flows. Surprisingly, relatively small trade deficits and geographically heterogeneous impacts greatly increase the appearance of eco-majorization, regardless of any further content in the MRIO tables used. Our results are bolstered by a statistical analysis of null models of MRIO tables developed by the Global Trade Aggregation Project.



page 7

page 10


PageRank centrality and algorithms for weighted, directed networks with applications to World Input-Output Tables

PageRank (PR) is a fundamental tool for assessing the relative importanc...

Hierarchical Clustering and Matrix Completion for the Reconstruction of World Input-Output Tables

World Input-Output (I/O) matrices provide the networks of within- and cr...

Regional and Sectoral Structures and Their Dynamics of Chinese Economy: A Network Perspective from Multi-Regional Input-Output Tables

A multi-regional input-output table (MRIOT) containing the transactions ...

PATSQL: Efficient Synthesis of SQL Queries from Example Tables with Quick Inference of Projected Columns

SQL is one of the most popular tools for data analysis and used by an in...

Minimal inference from incomplete 2x2-tables

Estimates based on 2x2 tables of frequencies are widely used in statisti...

Structural transformation replication and extrapolation by dynamical general equilibrium feedbacks

We model sectoral production by serially nesting binary compounding proc...

The openVA Toolkit for Verbal Autopsies

Verbal autopsy (VA) is a survey-based tool widely used to infer cause of...
This week in AI

Get the week's most popular data science and artificial intelligence research sent straight to your inbox every Saturday.