Non-Stationary Multi-layered Gaussian Priors for Bayesian Inversion

06/28/2020
by   Muhammad Emzir, et al.
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In this article, we study Bayesian inverse problems with multi-layered Gaussian priors. We first describe the conditionally Gaussian layers in terms of a system of stochastic partial differential equations. We build the computational inference method using a finite-dimensional Galerkin method. We show that the proposed approximation has a convergence-in-probability property to the solution of the original multi-layered model. We then carry out Bayesian inference using the preconditioned Crank–Nicolson algorithm which is modified to work with multi-layered Gaussian fields. We show via numerical experiments in signal deconvolution and computerized X-ray tomography problems that the proposed method can offer both smoothing and edge preservation at the same time.

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