Non-Intrusive Uncertainty Quantification for U3Si2 and UO2 Fuels with SiC/SiC Cladding using BISON for Digital Twin-Enabling Technology

by   Kazuma Kobayashi, et al.

U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Committee (NRC) and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) initiated a future-focused research project to assess the regulatory viability of machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI)-driven Digital Twins (DTs) for nuclear applications. Advanced accident tolerant fuel (ATF) is one of the priority focus areas of the DOE/ NRC. DTs have the potential to transform the nuclear energy sector in the coming years by incorporating risk-informed decision-making into the Accelerated Fuel Qualification (AFQ) process for ATF. A DT framework can offer game-changing yet practical and informed solutions to the complex problem of qualifying advanced ATFs. However, novel ATF technology suffers from a couple of challenges, such as (i) Data unavailability; (ii) Lack of data, missing data; and (iii) Model uncertainty. These challenges must be resolved to gain the trust in DT framework development. In addition, DT-enabling technologies consist of three major areas: (i) modeling and simulation (M S), covering uncertainty quantification (UQ), sensitivity analysis (SA), data analytics through ML/AI, physics-based models, and data-informed modeling, (ii) Advanced sensors/instrumentation, and (iii) Data management. UQ and SA are important segments of DT-enabling technologies to ensure trustworthiness, which need to be implemented to meet the DT requirement. Considering the regulatory standpoint of the modeling and simulation (M S) aspect of DT, UQ and SA are paramount to the success of DT framework in terms of multi-criteria and risk-informed decision-making. In this study, the adaptability of polynomial chaos expansion (PCE) based UQ/SA in a non-intrusive method in BISON was investigated to ensure M S aspects of the AFQ for ATF. This study introduces the ML-based UQ and SA methods while exhibiting actual applications to the finite element-based nuclear fuel performance code.


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