Nishimori meets Bethe: a spectral method for node classification in sparse weighted graphs

03/05/2021 ∙ by Lorenzo Dall'Amico, et al. ∙ 0

This article unveils a new relation between the Nishimori temperature parametrizing a distribution P and the Bethe free energy on random Erdos-Renyi graphs with edge weights distributed according to P. Estimating the Nishimori temperature being a task of major importance in Bayesian inference problems, as a practical corollary of this new relation, a numerical method is proposed to accurately estimate the Nishimori temperature from the eigenvalues of the Bethe Hessian matrix of the weighted graph. The algorithm, in turn, is used to propose a new spectral method for node classification in weighted (possibly sparse) graphs. The superiority of the method over competing state-of-the-art approaches is demonstrated both through theoretical arguments and real-world data experiments.



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