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Multilinear POD-DEIM model reduction for 2D and 3D nonlinear systems of differential equations

03/07/2021
by   Gerhard Kirsten, et al.
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We are interested in the numerical solution of coupled nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs) in two and three dimensions. Under certain assumptions on the domain, we take advantage of the Kronecker structure arising in standard space discretizations of the differential operators and illustrate how the resulting system of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) can be treated directly in matrix or tensor form. Moreover, in the framework of the proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) and the discrete empirical interpolation method (DEIM) we derive a two- and three-sided model order reduction strategy that is applied directly to the ODE system in matrix and tensor form respectively. We discuss how to integrate the reduced order model and, in particular, how to solve the tensor-valued linear system arising at each timestep of a semi-implicit time discretization scheme. We illustrate the efficiency of the proposed method through a comparison to existing techniques on classical benchmark problems such as the two- and three-dimensional Burgers equation.

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