Multilevel preconditioning for Ridge Regression

06/15/2018 ∙ by Joris Tavernier, et al. ∙ 0

Solving linear systems is often the computational bottleneck in real-life problems. Iterative solvers are the only option due to the complexity of direct algorithms or because the system matrix is not explicitly known. Here, we develop a multilevel preconditioner for regularized least squares linear systems involving a feature or data matrix. Variants of this linear system may appear in machine learning applications, such as ridge regression, logistic regression, support vector machines and matrix factorization with side information. We use clustering algorithms to create coarser levels that preserve the principal components of the covariance or Gram matrix. These coarser levels approximate the dominant eigenvectors and are used to build a multilevel preconditioner accelerating the Conjugate Gradient method. We observed speed-ups for artificial and real-life data. For a specific data set, we achieved speed-up up to a factor 100.

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