Multi-Objective CNN Based Algorithm for SAR Despeckling

06/16/2020
by   Sergio Vitale, et al.
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Deep learning (DL) in remote sensing has nowadays became an effective operative tool: it is largely used in applications such as change detection, image restoration, segmentation, detection and classification. With reference to synthetic aperture radar (SAR) domain the application of DL techniques is not straightforward due to non trivial interpretation of SAR images, specially caused by the presence of speckle. Several deep learning solutions for SAR despeckling have been proposed in the last few years. Most of these solutions focus on the definition of different network architectures with similar cost functions not involving SAR image properties. In this paper, a convolutional neural network (CNN) with a multi-objective cost function taking care of spatial and statistical properties of the SAR image is proposed. This is achieved by the definition of a peculiar loss function obtained by the weighted combination of three different terms. Each of this term is dedicated mainly to one of the following SAR image characteristics: spatial details, speckle statistical properties and strong scatterers preservation. Their combination allows to balance these effects. Moreover, a specifically designed architecture is proposed for effectively extract distinctive features within the considered framework. Experiments on simulated and real SAR images show the accuracy of the proposed method compared to the State-of-Art despeckling algorithms, both from quantitative and qualitative point of view. The importance of considering such SAR properties in the cost function is crucial for a correct noise rejection and object preservation in different underlined scenarios, such as homogeneous, heterogeneous and extremely heterogeneous.

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