Multi-Metric Optimization using Generative Adversarial Networks for Near-End Speech Intelligibility Enhancement

04/17/2021
by   Haoyu Li, et al.
0

The intelligibility of speech severely degrades in the presence of environmental noise and reverberation. In this paper, we propose a novel deep learning based system for modifying the speech signal to increase its intelligibility under the equal-power constraint, i.e., signal power before and after modification must be the same. To achieve this, we use generative adversarial networks (GANs) to obtain time-frequency dependent amplification factors, which are then applied to the input raw speech to reallocate the speech energy. Instead of optimizing only a single, simple metric, we train a deep neural network (DNN) model to simultaneously optimize multiple advanced speech metrics, including both intelligibility- and quality-related ones, which results in notable improvements in performance and robustness. Our system can not only work in non-realtime mode for offline audio playback but also support practical real-time speech applications. Experimental results using both objective measurements and subjective listening tests indicate that the proposed system significantly outperforms state-ofthe-art baseline systems under various noisy and reverberant listening conditions.

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