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Multi-Label Learning to Rank through Multi-Objective Optimization

by   Debabrata Mahapatra, et al.

Learning to Rank (LTR) technique is ubiquitous in the Information Retrieval system nowadays, especially in the Search Ranking application. The query-item relevance labels typically used to train the ranking model are often noisy measurements of human behavior, e.g., product rating for product search. The coarse measurements make the ground truth ranking non-unique with respect to a single relevance criterion. To resolve ambiguity, it is desirable to train a model using many relevance criteria, giving rise to Multi-Label LTR (MLLTR). Moreover, it formulates multiple goals that may be conflicting yet important to optimize for simultaneously, e.g., in product search, a ranking model can be trained based on product quality and purchase likelihood to increase revenue. In this research, we leverage the Multi-Objective Optimization (MOO) aspect of the MLLTR problem and employ recently developed MOO algorithms to solve it. Specifically, we propose a general framework where the information from labels can be combined in a variety of ways to meaningfully characterize the trade-off among the goals. Our framework allows for any gradient based MOO algorithm to be used for solving the MLLTR problem. We test the proposed framework on two publicly available LTR datasets and one e-commerce dataset to show its efficacy.


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