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Multi-Label Annotation Aggregation in Crowdsourcing

by   Xuan Wei, et al.

As a means of human-based computation, crowdsourcing has been widely used to annotate large-scale unlabeled datasets. One of the obvious challenges is how to aggregate these possibly noisy labels provided by a set of heterogeneous annotators. Another challenge stems from the difficulty in evaluating the annotator reliability without even knowing the ground truth, which can be used to build incentive mechanisms in crowdsourcing platforms. When each instance is associated with many possible labels simultaneously, the problem becomes even harder because of its combinatorial nature. In this paper, we present new flexible Bayesian models and efficient inference algorithms for multi-label annotation aggregation by taking both annotator reliability and label dependency into account. Extensive experiments on real-world datasets confirm that the proposed methods outperform other competitive alternatives, and the model can recover the type of the annotators with high accuracy. Besides, we empirically find that the mixture of multiple independent Bernoulli distribution is able to accurately capture label dependency in this unsupervised multi-label annotation aggregation scenario.


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