Multi-Kernel Filtering: An Extension of Bilateral Filtering Using Image Context

08/17/2019 ∙ by Feihong Liu, et al. ∙ 14

Bilateral filtering is one of the most classical denoising filters. However, the parameter of its range kernel needs to be initialized manually, which hampers its adaptivity across images with different characteristics. For coping with image variation (e.g., changeable signal-to-noise ratio and spatially-varying noise), it is necessary to adapt the kernel to specific image characteristics automatically. In this paper, we propose multi-kernel filter (MKF) inspired by adaptive mechanisms of human vision. We first design a hierarchically clustering algorithm to generate a hierarchy of large to small coherent image patches, organized as a cluster tree, so that multi-scale represent an image. One leaf cluster and two corresponding predecessor clusters are used to generate one of a number of range kernels that are capable of catering to image variation. We evaluate MKF on two public datasets, BSD300 and Phantomαs. Extensive experimental results show that MKF outperforms various state-of-the-art filters on both mean absolute error and structural similarity.

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