Multi-intersection Traffic Optimisation: A Benchmark Dataset and a Strong Baseline

01/24/2021 ∙ by Hu Wang, et al. ∙ 0

The control of traffic signals is fundamental and critical to alleviate traffic congestion in urban areas. However, it is challenging since traffic dynamics are complicated in real situations. Because of the high complexity of modelling the optimisation problem, experimental settings of current works are often inconsistent. Moreover, it is not trivial to control multiple intersections properly in real complex traffic scenarios due to its vast state and action space. Failing to take intersection topology relations into account also results in inferior traffic condition. To address these issues, in this work we carefully design our settings and propose new data including both synthetic and real traffic data in more complex scenarios. Additionally, we propose a novel and strong baseline model based on deep reinforcement learning with the encoder-decoder structure: an edge-weighted graph convolutional encoder to excavate multi-intersection relations; and a unified structure decoder to jointly model multiple junctions in a comprehensive manner, which significantly reduces the number of the model parameters. By doing so, the proposed model is able to effectively deal with multi-intersection traffic optimisation problems. Models have been trained and tested on both synthetic and real maps and traffic data with the Simulation of Urban Mobility (SUMO) simulator. Experimental results show that the proposed model surpasses existing methods in the literature.

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