Multi-focus Image Fusion Based on Similarity Characteristics

12/17/2019 ∙ by Ya-Qiong Zhang, et al. ∙ 22

A novel multi-focus image fusion algorithm performed in spatial domain based on similarity characteristics is proposed incorporating with region segmentation. In this paper, a new similarity measure is developed based on the structural similarity (SSIM) index, which is more suitable for multi-focus image segmentation. Firstly, the SSNSIM map is calculated between two input images. Then we segment the SSNSIM map using watershed method, and merge the small homogeneous regions with fuzzy c-means clustering algorithm (FCM). For three source images, a joint region segmentation method based on segmentation of two images is used to obtain the final segmentation result. Finally, the corresponding segmented regions of the source images are fused according to their average gradient. The performance of the image fusion method is evaluated by several criteria including spatial frequency, average gradient, entropy, edge retention etc. The evaluation results indicate that the proposed method is effective and has good visual perception.

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