MPC-Based Hierarchical Task Space Control of Underactuated and Constrained Robots for Execution of Multiple Tasks

09/13/2020 ∙ by Jaemin Lee, et al. ∙ 0

This paper proposes an MPC-based controller to efficiently execute multiple hierarchical tasks for underactuated and constrained robotic systems. Existing task-space controllers or whole-body controllers solve instantaneous optimization problems given task trajectories and the robot plant dynamics. However, the task-space control method we propose here relies on the prediction of future state trajectories and the corresponding costs-to-go terms over a finite time-horizon for computing control commands. We employ acceleration energy error as the performance index for the optimization problem and extend it over the finite-time horizon of our MPC. Our approach employs quadratically constrained quadratic programming, which includes quadratic constraints to handle multiple hierarchical tasks, and is computationally more efficient than nonlinear MPC-based approaches that rely on nonlinear programming. We validate our approach using numerical simulations of a new type of robot manipulator system, which contains underactuated and constrained mechanical structures.



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